LNMP搭建(CentOS 6.3 Nginx 1.2.0 PHP 5.3.15(fpm) MySQL 5.

Nginx (“engine x”) 是一个高性能的 HTTP 和反向代理服务器,也是一个 IMAP/POP3/SMTP 代理服务器。 Nginx 是由 Igor Sysoev 为俄罗斯访问量第二的 Rambler.ru 站点开发的,它已经在该站点运行超过三年了。Igor 将源代码以类BSD许可证的形式发布。

本文主要是撰写Linux系统中PHPWeb环境的配置,介绍在CentOS系统下安装:Nginx、MySQL、php-FastCGI,文中用的软件都是截至2011/6/22最新稳定版。网络上关于这种配置很多,配置过程相差不大,但是参数有所不同。开始之前先介绍一下nginx:

系统环境:

Nginx(engine x)是一款轻量级的Web服务器/反向代理服务器及电子邮件(IMAP/POP3)代理服务器,并在一个BSD-like 协议下发行。由俄罗斯的程序设计师Igor Sysoev所开发,最初供俄国大型的入口网站及搜寻引擎Rambler(俄文:Рамблер)使用。 其特点是占有内存少,并发能力强,事实上nginx的并发能力确实在同类型的网页伺服器中表现较好.目前中国大陆使用nginx网站用户有:新浪、网易、腾讯,另外知名的微网志Plurk也使用nginx。

# cat /etc/redhat-release  CentOS release 6.3 (Final)

下面开始叙述详细配置过程:

1.安装所需的第三方库

一、Centos系统安装完毕之后,关闭不需要的服务优化系统,安装系统更新和所需软件支持。
关闭不需要的服务

yum -y install gcc gcc-c   autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers bison perl-CPAN
chkconfig --level 3 acpid offchkconfig --level 3 anacron offchkconfig --level 3 apmd offchkconfig --level 3 mdmonitor offchkconfig --level 3 xinetd offchkconfig --level 3 sendmail offchkconfig --level 3 rpcgssd offchkconfig --level 3 rawdevices offchkconfig --level 3 messagebus offchkconfig --level 3 atd offchkconfig --level 3 gpm offchkconfig --level 3 autofs offchkconfig --level 3 cpuspeed offchkconfig --level 3 haldaemon offchkconfig --level 3 nfslock offchkconfig --level 3 portmap offchkconfig --level 3 xfs offchkconfig --level 3 netfs offchkconfig --level 3 smartd offchkconfig --level 3 ip6tables offchkconfig --level 3 isdn offchkconfig --level 3 rpcidmapd offchkconfig --level 3 microcode_ctl off

service acpid stopservice anacron stopservice apmd stopservice mdmonitor stopservice xinetd stopservice sendmail stopservice rpcgssd stopservice rawdevices stopservice messagebus stopservice atd stopservice gpm stopservice autofs stopservice cpuspeed stopservice haldaemon stopservice nfslock stopservice portmap stopservice xfs stopservice netfs stopservice smartd stopservice ip6tables stopservice isdn stopservice rpcidmapd stopservice microcode_ctl stop

2.软件包下载并解压:

安装系统更新和所需软件支持

# yum -y install wget  # mkdir -p /data0/software
# cd /data0/software  # cat >>downfile<<EOF  http://www.nginx.org/download/nginx-1.2.0.tar.gz  http://am1.php.net/distributions/php-5.3.28.tar.gz  http://cdn.mysql.com/archives/mysql-5.5/mysql-5.5.35.tar.gz  http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.14.tar.gz  http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mcrypt/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz  http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mcrypt/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz  http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-2.2.6.tgz  http://downloads.sourceforge.net/mhash/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz  ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.33.tar.gz  http://blog.s135.com/soft/Linux/nginx_php/eaccelerator/eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2  http://pecl.php.net/get/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz  http://blog.s135.com/soft/linux/nginx_php/imagick/ImageMagick.tar.gz  http://pecl.php.net/get/imagick-3.0.1.tgz  http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.8.tar.gz  EOF  # wget -i downfile

#!/bin/bash
#filename:unpack.sh
for file in $(ls|grep 't*gz$|bz2$');do      if [[ "${file}" =~ t*gz$ ]];then          tar zxf ${file}      else          tar jxf ${file}      fi  done
# chmod  x unpack.sh
#./unpack.sh
yum -y updateyum -y install gcc gcc-c   autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers ntp rar

3.安装php(Fast-cgi)和mysql

下载需要用到的软件包(以下地址都是官方下载、也可以自己查找)

3.1.编译安装PHP 5.3.28所需的支持库:

【下载PHP需要的库】wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gzwget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gzwget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mhash/mhash/0.9.9.9/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gzwget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/MCrypt/2.6.8/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz【下载mysql、php、nginx】wget http://mysql.mirrors.hoobly.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.1/mysql-5.1.57.tar.gzwget http://us.php.net/distributions/php-5.2.17.tar.gzwget http://php-fpm.org/downloads/php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gzwget http://www.nginx.org/download/nginx-1.0.2.tar.gzwget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.12.tar.gz【下载php扩展】wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-2.2.6.tgzwget http://pecl.php.net/get/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgzwget http://bart.eaccelerator.net/source/0.9.6.1/eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2wget ftp://ftp.imagemagick.org/pub/ImageMagick/ImageMagick-6.7.0-8.tar.gzwget http://pecl.php.net/get/imagick-3.0.0.tgz
cd libiconv-1.14/  ./configure --prefix=/usr/local &>/dev/null  make &>/dev/null  make install &>/dev/null  cd ../    cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/  ./configure &>/dev/null  make &>/dev/null  make install &>/dev/null  /sbin/ldconfig  cd libltdl/  ./configure --enable-ltdl-install &>/dev/null  make &>/dev/null  make install &>/dev/null  cd ../../    cd mhash-0.9.9.9/  ./configure &>/dev/null  make &>/dev/null  make install &>/dev/null  cd ../    ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la  ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so  ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4  ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8  ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a  ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la  ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so  ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2  ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1  ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config    cd mcrypt-2.6.8/  /sbin/ldconfig  ./configure &>/dev/null  make &>/dev/null  make install &>/dev/null  cd ../

二、安装PHP需要的库程序

3.2.编译安装MySQL 5.5.35

tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gzcd libiconv-1.13.1/ && ./configure --prefix=/usr/localmake && make install && cd ..tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gzcd libmcrypt-2.5.8/ && ./configuremake && make install/sbin/ldconfig && cd libltdl/ && ./configure --enable-ltdl-installmake && make install && cd ../..tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gzcd mhash-0.9.9.9/ && ./configuremake && make install && cd ..ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.laln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.soln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.aln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.laln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.soln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config

MYSQL5.5.10以上版本采用Cmake编译

tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz

# cd cmake-2.8.8  # ./bootstrap &>/dev/null  # make &>/dev/null  # make install &>/dev/null  # cd ../  # groupadd mysql  # useradd -s /sbin/nologin -g mysql mysql  # cd mysql-5.5.35  # cmake .   -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/   -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8   -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci   -DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS:STRING=utf8,gbk   -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1   -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1   -DWITH_READLINE=1   -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1   -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data0/mysql/3306/data   -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1   -DWITH_SSL=system &>/dev/null  # make &>/dev/null  # make install &>/dev/null  # chmod  w /usr/local/webserver/mysql  # chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/webserver/mysql  # cd ../

cd mcrypt-2.6.8/ && /sbin/ldconfig

3.3.创建my.cnf配置文件

美洲杯赌球,./configure && make && make install && cd ..

cat >>/etc/my.cnf <<EOF  [client]  #character-set-server = utf8  port = 3306  socket = /tmp/mysql.sock    [mysqld]  character-set-server = utf8  replicate-ignore-db = mysql  replicate-ignore-db = test  replicate-ignore-db = information_schema  user = mysql  port = 3306  socket = /tmp/mysql.sock  basedir = /usr/local/webserver/mysql  datadir = /data0/mysql/3306/data  log-error = /data0/mysql/3306/mysql_error.log  pid-file = /data0/mysql/3306/mysql.pid  open_files_limit = 10240  back_log = 600  max_connections = 5000  max_connect_errors = 6000  table_cache = 614  external-locking = FALSE  max_allowed_packet = 32M  sort_buffer_size = 1M  join_buffer_size = 1M  thread_cache_size = 300  #thread_concurrency = 8  query_cache_size = 512M  query_cache_limit = 2M  query_cache_min_res_unit = 2k  default-storage-engine = MyISAM  thread_stack = 192K  transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED  tmp_table_size = 246M  max_heap_table_size = 246M  long_query_time = 3  log-slave-updates  log-bin = /data0/mysql/3306/binlog/binlog  binlog_cache_size = 4M  binlog_format = MIXED  max_binlog_cache_size = 8M  max_binlog_size = 1G  relay-log-index = /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/relaylog  relay-log-info-file = /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/relaylog  relay-log = /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/relaylog  expire_logs_days = 30  key_buffer_size = 256M  read_buffer_size = 1M  read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M  bulk_insert_buffer_size = 64M  myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M  myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G  myisam_repair_threads = 1  myisam_recover    interactive_timeout = 120  wait_timeout = 120    skip-name-resolve  #master-connect-retry = 10  slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396    #master-host = 192.168.1.2  #master-user = username  #master-password = password  #master-port = 3306    server-id = 1    innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 16M  innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M  innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:256M:autoextend  innodb_file_io_threads = 4  innodb_thread_concurrency = 8  innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2  innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M  innodb_log_file_size = 128M  innodb_log_files_in_group = 3  innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90  innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120  innodb_file_per_table = 0    #log-slow-queries = /data0/mysql/3306/slow.log  #long_query_time = 10    [mysqldump]  quick  max_allowed_packet = 32M  EOF

三、编译安装MySQL

注:以下为附加步骤,如果你想在这台服务器上运行MySQL数据库,则执行以下几步。如果你只是希望让PHP支持MySQL扩展库,能够连接其他服务器上的 

tar zxvf mysql-5.1.57.tar.gz && cd mysql-5.1.57./configure --prefix=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/ --enable-assembler --with-extra-charsets=complex --enable-thread-safe-client --with-big-tables --with-readline --with-ssl --with-embedded-server --enable-local-infilemake && make install && cd ..

MySQL数据库,那么,以下两步无需执行。

创建mysql用户组,创建数据库、日志等存储目录并赋予权限

3.4.创建MySQL数据库存放目录

mkdir -p /data/mysqldatamkdir -p /data/mysqldata/databasemkdir -p /data/mysqldata/logmkdir -p /data/mysqldata/pidgroupadd mysqluseradd -g mysql -d /data/mysqldata/database -s /sbin/nologin mysqlchgrp -R mysql /usr/local/webserver/mysql/.chown -R root:mysql /usr/local/webserver/mysql/*chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysqldata/*
# mkdir -p /data0/mysql/3306/data/  # mkdir -p /data0/mysql/3306/binlog/  # mkdir -p /data0/mysql/3306/relaylog/  # chown -R mysql:mysql /data0/mysql/

修改my.cnf文件参数(参数适用于大于2G内存服务器)

3.5.以mysql用户帐号的身份建立数据表:

[client]port            = 3306socket          = /tmp/mysql.sock[mysqld]user            = mysqlport            = 3306socket          = /tmp/mysql.sockbasedir         = /usr/local/webserver/mysqldatadir         = /data/mysqldata/databaselog-error       = /data/mysqldata/log/mysql_error.logpid-file        = /data/mysqldata/pid/mysql.pidskip-external-lockingskip-name-resolveback_log = 500key_buffer_size = 256Mmax_allowed_packet = 32Mthread_stack = 192Ktable_cache = 256sort_buffer_size = 4Mread_buffer_size = 4Mjoin_buffer_size = 4Mread_rnd_buffer_size = 8Mmyisam_sort_buffer_size = 64Mthread_cache = 128thread_cache_size = 10query_cache_size = 32Mtmp_table_size = 128Mmax_connections = 5000wait_timeout = 60max_connect_errors = 6000expire_logs_days = 30server-id       = 1[mysqldump]quickmax_allowed_packet = 32M[mysql]no-auto-rehash
/usr/local/webserver/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db   --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf   --basedir=/usr/local/webserver/mysql   --datadir=/data0/mysql/3306/data   --user=mysql 

初始化MySQL服务

3.6.复制mysql管理脚本并启动服务

/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db--basedir=/usr/local/webserver/mysql--datadir=/data/mysqldata/database--user=mysql
# cp mysql-5.5.35/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld  # chmod  x /etc/init.d/mysqld  # ln -s /usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/* /usr/bin  # /sbin/chkconfig --add mysqld  # /sbin/chkconfig --level 2345 mysqld on  # service mysqld start

启动MySQL服务

3.7.编译安装PHP

/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &            //启动服务/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root -p shutdown      //停止服务
# cp -frp /usr/lib64/libldap* /usr/lib/  # ln -s /usr/local/webserver/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib64  # ldconfig    # cd php-5.3.28/  # ./configure   --prefix=/usr/local/webserver/php   --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/webserver/php/etc   --with-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysql   --with-mysqli=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql_config   --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local   --with-freetype-dir   --with-jpeg-dir   --with-png-dir   --with-zlib   --with-libxml-dir=/usr   --enable-xml   --disable-rpath   --enable-safe-mode   --enable-bcmath   --enable-shmop   --enable-sysvsem   --enable-inline-optimization   --with-curl   --with-curlwrappers   --enable-mbregex   --enable-fpm   --enable-mbstring   --with-mcrypt   --with-gd   --enable-gd-native-ttf   --with-openssl   --with-mhash   --enable-pcntl   --enable-sockets   --with-ldap   --with-ldap-sasl   --with-xmlrpc   --enable-zip   --enable-soap   --enable-ftp  # make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'  # make install  # cp php.ini-production /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini  # cp /data0/software/php-5.3.28/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm  # chmod  x /etc/init.d/php-fpm  # cd ../

修改root密码

3.8.编译安装PHP5扩展模块

/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password ‘yourpassword’
cd memcache-2.2.6/  /usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize   ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config   make   make install  cd ../    cd eaccelerator-0.9.6.1/  /usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize  ./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config  make  make install  cd ../    cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/  /usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize  ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysql  make  make install  cd ../    cd ImageMagick-6.5.1-2/  ./configure  make  make install  cd ../      cd imagick-3.0.1/  /usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize  ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config  make  make install  cd ../

四、编译安装PHP(FastCGI模式)

3.9.修改php.ini文件

tar zxvf php-5.2.17.tar.gzgzip -cd php-5.2.17-fpm-0.5.14.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.17 -p1cd php-5.2.17/./buildconf --force./configure --prefix=/usr/local/webserver/php--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/webserver/php/etc--with-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysql--with-mysqli=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql_config--with-gd--with-jpeg-dir--with-iconv-dir=/usr/local--with-libxml-dir=/usr--with-zlib--with-png-dir--with-curl--with-ldap--with-xmlrpc--with-openssl--with-mhash--with-mcrypt--with-freetype-dir--with-ldap-sasl--with-curlwrappers--enable-xml--enable-shared--enable-discard-path--enable-safe-mode--enable-bcmath--enable-shmop--enable-sysvsem--enable-inline-optimization--enable-mbregex--enable-fastcgi--enable-fpm--enable-force-cgi-redirect--enable-mbstring=all--enable-gd-native-ttf--enable-pcntl--enable-sockets--enable-zip--enable-soapmake ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'make install && cd ..
# sed -i 's@; extension_dir = "./"@extension_dir = "/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/"@' /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini     # sed -i '/^extension_dir/aextension = "memcache.so"nextension = "pdo_mysql.so"nextension = "imagick.so"' /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini    # sed -i '/; output_buffering/{s/; *//;n;s/; *//;s/Off/On/}' /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini    # sed -i 's/;cgi.fix_pathinfo=1/cgi.fix_pathinfo=0/' /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini

五、安装PHP扩展模块

3.10.配置eAccelerator加速PHP

tar zxvf memcache-2.2.6.tgzcd memcache-2.2.6//usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-configmake && make install && cd ..tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgzcd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2//usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize./configure--with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-config--with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/webserver/mysqlmake && make install && cd ..tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.6.1.tar.bz2cd eaccelerator-0.9.6.1//usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared--with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-configmake && make install && cd .. tar zxvf ImageMagick-6.7.0-8.tar.gzcd ImageMagick-6.7.0-8/./configure && make && make install && cd ..tar zxvf imagick-3.0.0.tgzcd imagick-3.0.0//usr/local/webserver/php/bin/phpize./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/webserver/php/bin/php-configmake && make install && cd ..
# mkdir -p /usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache    # cat >> /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini <<EOF  [eaccelerator]  zend_extension="/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20090626/eaccelerator.so"  eaccelerator.shm_size="64"  eaccelerator.cache_dir="/usr/local/webserver/eaccelerator_cache"  eaccelerator.enable="1"  eaccelerator.optimizer="1"  eaccelerator.check_mtime="1"  eaccelerator.debug="0"  eaccelerator.filter=""  eaccelerator.shm_max="0"  eaccelerator.shm_ttl="3600"  eaccelerator.shm_prune_period="3600"  eaccelerator.shm_only="0"  eaccelerator.compress="1"  eaccelerator.compress_level="9"  EOF

修改php.ini文件

3.11.创建www用户和组,以及供blog.eivll0m.com和www.eivll0m.com两个虚拟主机使用的目录

vim /usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php.ini
# /usr/sbin/groupadd www  # /usr/sbin/useradd -s /sbin/nologin -g www www  # mkdir -p /data0/htdocs/blog  # chmod  w /data0/htdocs/blog  # chown -R www:www /data0/htdocs/blog  # mkdir -p /data0/htdocs/www  # chmod  w /data0/htdocs/www  # chown -R www:www /data0/htdocs/www

查找:

3.12.创建php-fpm配置文件

extension_dir = "./"
# cat >>/usr/local/webserver/php/etc/php-fpm.conf<<EOF  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; FPM Configuration ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;     ; All relative paths in this configuration file are relative to PHP's install  ; prefix (/usr/local/webserver/php). This prefix can be dynamicaly changed by using the  ; '-p' argument from the command line.     ; Include one or more files. If glob(3) exists, it is used to include a bunch of  ; files from a glob(3) pattern. This directive can be used everywhere in the  ; file.  ; Relative path can also be used. They will be prefixed by:  ; - the global prefix if it's been set (-p arguement)  ; - /usr/local/webserver/php otherwise  ;include=etc/fpm.d/*.conf     ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; Global Options ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;     [global]  ; Pid file  ; Note: the default prefix is /usr/local/webserver/php/var  ; Default Value: none  pid = run/php-fpm.pid     ; Error log file  ; If it's set to "syslog", log is sent to syslogd instead of being written  ; in a local file.  ; Note: the default prefix is /usr/local/webserver/php/var  ; Default Value: log/php-fpm.log  error_log = log/php-fpm.log     ; syslog_facility is used to specify what type of program is logging the  ; message. This lets syslogd specify that messages from different facilities  ; will be handled differently.  ; See syslog(3) for possible values (ex daemon equiv LOG_DAEMON)  ; Default Value: daemon  ;syslog.facility = daemon     ; syslog_ident is prepended to every message. If you have multiple FPM  ; instances running on the same server, you can change the default value  ; which must suit common needs.  ; Default Value: php-fpm  ;syslog.ident = php-fpm     ; Log level  ; Possible Values: alert, error, warning, notice, debug  ; Default Value: notice  ;log_level = notice     ; If this number of child processes exit with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS within the time  ; interval set by emergency_restart_interval then FPM will restart. A value  ; of '0' means 'Off'.  ; Default Value: 0  ;emergency_restart_threshold = 0     ; Interval of time used by emergency_restart_interval to determine when  ; a graceful restart will be initiated. This can be useful to work around  ; accidental corruptions in an accelerator's shared memory.  ; Available Units: s(econds), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)  ; Default Unit: seconds  ; Default Value: 0  ;emergency_restart_interval = 0     ; Time limit for child processes to wait for a reaction on signals from master.  ; Available units: s(econds), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)  ; Default Unit: seconds  ; Default Value: 0  ;process_control_timeout = 0     ; The maximum number of processes FPM will fork. This has been design to control  ; the global number of processes when using dynamic PM within a lot of pools.  ; Use it with caution.  ; Note: A value of 0 indicates no limit  ; Default Value: 0  ; process.max = 128     ; Send FPM to background. Set to 'no' to keep FPM in foreground for debugging.  ; Default Value: yes  ;daemonize = yes     ; Set open file descriptor rlimit for the master process.  ; Default Value: system defined value  ;rlimit_files = 1024     ; Set max core size rlimit for the master process.  ; Possible Values: 'unlimited' or an integer greater or equal to 0  ; Default Value: system defined value  ;rlimit_core = 0     ; Specify the event mechanism FPM will use. The following is available:  ; - select (any POSIX os)  ; - poll (any POSIX os)  ; - epoll (linux >= 2.5.44)  ; - kqueue (FreeBSD >= 4.1, OpenBSD >= 2.9, NetBSD >= 2.0)  ; - /dev/poll (Solaris >= 7)  ; - port (Solaris >= 10)  ; Default Value: not set (auto detection)  ; events.mechanism = epoll     ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; Pool Definitions ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;     ; Multiple pools of child processes may be started with different listening  ; ports and different management options. The name of the pool will be  ; used in logs and stats. There is no limitation on the number of pools which  ; FPM can handle. Your system will tell you anyway <img src="http://blog-94qy-com.qiniudn.com/wp-includes/images/smilies/icon_smile.gif" alt=":)" >     ; Start a new pool named 'www'.  ; the variable $pool can we used in any directive and will be replaced by the  ; pool name ('www' here)  [www]     ; Per pool prefix  ; It only applies on the following directives:  ; - 'slowlog'  ; - 'listen' (unixsocket)  ; - 'chroot'  ; - 'chdir'  ; - 'php_values'  ; - 'php_admin_values'  ; When not set, the global prefix (or /usr/local/webserver/php) applies instead.  ; Note: This directive can also be relative to the global prefix.  ; Default Value: none  ;prefix = /path/to/pools/$pool     ; Unix user/group of processes  ; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default user's group  ; will be used.  user = www  group = www     ; The address on which to accept FastCGI requests.  ; Valid syntaxes are:  ; 'ip.add.re.ss:port' - to listen on a TCP socket to a specific address on  ; a specific port;  ; 'port' - to listen on a TCP socket to all addresses on a  ; specific port;  ; '/path/to/unix/socket' - to listen on a unix socket.  ; Note: This value is mandatory.  listen = 127.0.0.1:9000     ; Set listen(2) backlog. A value of '-1' means unlimited.  ; Default Value: 128 (-1 on FreeBSD and OpenBSD)  ;listen.backlog = -1     ; Set permissions for unix socket, if one is used. In Linux, read/write  ; permissions must be set in order to allow connections from a web server. Many  ; BSD-derived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.  ; Default Values: user and group are set as the running user  ; mode is set to 0666  ;listen.owner = nobody  ;listen.group = nobody  ;listen.mode = 0666     ; List of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients which are allowed to connect.  ; Equivalent to the FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment variable in the original  ; PHP FCGI (5.2.2 ). Makes sense only with a tcp listening socket. Each address  ; must be separated by a comma. If this value is left blank, connections will be  ; accepted from any ip address.  ; Default Value: any  ;listen.allowed_clients = 127.0.0.1     ; Choose how the process manager will control the number of child processes.  ; Possible Values:  ; static - a fixed number (pm.max_children) of child processes;  ; dynamic - the number of child processes are set dynamically based on the  ; following directives. With this process management, there will be  ; always at least 1 children.  ; pm.max_children - the maximum number of children that can  ; be alive at the same time.  ; pm.start_servers - the number of children created on startup.  ; pm.min_spare_servers - the minimum number of children in 'idle'  ; state (waiting to process). If the number  ; of 'idle' processes is less than this  ; number then some children will be created.  ; pm.max_spare_servers - the maximum number of children in 'idle'  ; state (waiting to process). If the number  ; of 'idle' processes is greater than this  ; number then some children will be killed.  ; ondemand - no children are created at startup. Children will be forked when  ; new requests will connect. The following parameter are used:  ; pm.max_children - the maximum number of children that  ; can be alive at the same time.  ; pm.process_idle_timeout - The number of seconds after which  ; an idle process will be killed.  ; Note: This value is mandatory.  pm = dynamic     ; The number of child processes to be created when pm is set to 'static' and the  ; maximum number of child processes when pm is set to 'dynamic' or 'ondemand'.  ; This value sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be  ; served. Equivalent to the ApacheMaxClients directive with mpm_prefork.  ; Equivalent to the PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment variable in the original PHP  ; CGI. The below defaults are based on a server without much resources. Don't  ; forget to tweak pm.* to fit your needs.  ; Note: Used when pm is set to 'static', 'dynamic' or 'ondemand'  ; Note: This value is mandatory.  pm.max_children = 128     ; The number of child processes created on startup.  ; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'  ; Default Value: min_spare_servers   (max_spare_servers - min_spare_servers) / 2  pm.start_servers = 2     ; The desired minimum number of idle server processes.  ; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'  ; Note: Mandatory when pm is set to 'dynamic'  pm.min_spare_servers = 1     ; The desired maximum number of idle server processes.  ; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'dynamic'  ; Note: Mandatory when pm is set to 'dynamic'  pm.max_spare_servers = 128     ; The number of seconds after which an idle process will be killed.  ; Note: Used only when pm is set to 'ondemand'  ; Default Value: 10s  ;pm.process_idle_timeout = 10s;     ; The number of requests each child process should execute before respawning.  ; This can be useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries. For  ; endless request processing specify '0'. Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS.  ; Default Value: 0  ;pm.max_requests = 500     ; The URI to view the FPM status page. If this value is not set, no URI will be  ; recognized as a status page. It shows the following informations:  ; pool - the name of the pool;  ; process manager - static, dynamic or ondemand;  ; start time - the date and time FPM has started;  ; start since - number of seconds since FPM has started;  ; accepted conn - the number of request accepted by the pool;  ; listen queue - the number of request in the queue of pending  ; connections (see backlog in listen(2));  ; max listen queue - the maximum number of requests in the queue  ; of pending connections since FPM has started;  ; listen queue len - the size of the socket queue of pending connections;  ; idle processes - the number of idle processes;  ; active processes - the number of active processes;  ; total processes - the number of idle   active processes;  ; max active processes - the maximum number of active processes since FPM  ; has started;  ; max children reached - number of times, the process limit has been reached,  ; when pm tries to start more children (works only for  ; pm 'dynamic' and 'ondemand');  ; Value are updated in real time.  ; Example output:  ; pool: www  ; process manager: static  ; start time: 01/Jul/2011:17:53:49  0200  ; start since: 62636  ; accepted conn: 190460  ; listen queue: 0  ; max listen queue: 1  ; listen queue len: 42  ; idle processes: 4  ; active processes: 11  ; total processes: 15  ; max active processes: 12  ; max children reached: 0  ;  ; By default the status page output is formatted as text/plain. Passing either  ; 'html', 'xml' or 'json' in the query string will return the corresponding  ; output syntax. Example:  ; http://www.foo.bar/status  ; http://www.foo.bar/status?json  ; http://www.foo.bar/status?html  ; http://www.foo.bar/status?xml  ;  ; By default the status page only outputs short status. Passing 'full' in the  ; query string will also return status for each pool process.  ; Example:  ; http://www.foo.bar/status?full  ; http://www.foo.bar/status?json&full  ; http://www.foo.bar/status?html&full  ; http://www.foo.bar/status?xml&full  ; The Full status returns for each process:  ; pid - the PID of the process;  ; state - the state of the process (Idle, Running, ...);  ; start time - the date and time the process has started;  ; start since - the number of seconds since the process has started;  ; requests - the number of requests the process has served;  ; request duration - the duration in 缁?of the requests;  ; request method - the request method (GET, POST, ...);  ; request URI - the request URI with the query string;  ; content length - the content length of the request (only with POST);  ; user - the user (PHP_AUTH_USER) (or '-' if not set);  ; script - the main script called (or '-' if not set);  ; last request cpu - the %cpu the last request consumed  ; it's always 0 if the process is not in Idle state  ; because CPU calculation is done when the request  ; processing has terminated;  ; last request memory - the max amount of memory the last request consumed  ; it's always 0 if the process is not in Idle state  ; because memory calculation is done when the request  ; processing has terminated;  ; If the process is in Idle state, then informations are related to the  ; last request the process has served. Otherwise informations are related to  ; the current request being served.  ; Example output:  ; ************************  ; pid: 31330  ; state: Running  ; start time: 01/Jul/2011:17:53:49  0200  ; start since: 63087  ; requests: 12808  ; request duration: 1250261  ; request method: GET  ; request URI: /test_mem.php?N=10000  ; content length: 0  ; user: -  ; script: /home/fat/web/docs/php/test_mem.php  ; last request cpu: 0.00  ; last request memory: 0  ;  ; Note: There is a real-time FPM status monitoring sample web page available  ; It's available in: /usr/local/webserver/php/share/php/fpm/status.html  ;  ; Note: The value must start with a leading slash (/). The value can be  ; anything, but it may not be a good idea to use the .php extension or it  ; may conflict with a real PHP file.  ; Default Value: not set  ;pm.status_path = /status     ; The ping URI to call the monitoring page of FPM. If this value is not set, no  ; URI will be recognized as a ping page. This could be used to test from outside  ; that FPM is alive and responding, or to  ; - create a graph of FPM availability (rrd or such);  ; - remove a server from a group if it is not responding (load balancing);  ; - trigger alerts for the operating team (24/7).  ; Note: The value must start with a leading slash (/). The value can be  ; anything, but it may not be a good idea to use the .php extension or it  ; may conflict with a real PHP file.  ; Default Value: not set  ;ping.path = /ping     ; This directive may be used to customize the response of a ping request. The  ; response is formatted as text/plain with a 200 response code.  ; Default Value: pong  ;ping.response = pong     ; The access log file  ; Default: not set  ;access.log = log/$pool.access.log     ; The access log format.  ; The following syntax is allowed  ; %%: the '%' character  ; %C: %CPU used by the request  ; it can accept the following format:  ; - %{user}C for user CPU only  ; - %{system}C for system CPU only  ; - %{total}C for user   system CPU (default)  ; %d: time taken to serve the request  ; it can accept the following format:  ; - %{seconds}d (default)  ; - %{miliseconds}d  ; - %{mili}d  ; - %{microseconds}d  ; - %{micro}d  ; %e: an environment variable (same as $_ENV or $_SERVER)  ; it must be associated with embraces to specify the name of the env  ; variable. Some exemples:  ; - server specifics like: %{REQUEST_METHOD}e or %{SERVER_PROTOCOL}e  ; - HTTP headers like: %{HTTP_HOST}e or %{HTTP_USER_AGENT}e  ; %f: script filename  ; %l: content-length of the request (for POST request only)  ; %m: request method  ; %M: peak of memory allocated by PHP  ; it can accept the following format:  ; - %{bytes}M (default)  ; - %{kilobytes}M  ; - %{kilo}M  ; - %{megabytes}M  ; - %{mega}M  ; %n: pool name  ; %o: ouput header  ; it must be associated with embraces to specify the name of the header:  ; - %{Content-Type}o  ; - %{X-Powered-By}o  ; - %{Transfert-Encoding}o  ; - ....  ; %p: PID of the child that serviced the request  ; %P: PID of the parent of the child that serviced the request  ; %q: the query string  ; %Q: the '?' character if query string exists  ; %r: the request URI (without the query string, see %q and %Q)  ; %R: remote IP address  ; %s: status (response code)  ; %t: server time the request was received  ; it can accept a strftime(3) format:  ; %d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z (default)  ; %T: time the log has been written (the request has finished)  ; it can accept a strftime(3) format:  ; %d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S %z (default)  ; %u: remote user  ;  ; Default: "%R - %u %t "%m %r" %s"  ;access.format = %R - %u %t "%m %r%Q%q" %s %f %{mili}d %{kilo}M %C%%     ; The log file for slow requests  ; Default Value: not set  ; Note: slowlog is mandatory if request_slowlog_timeout is set  ;slowlog = log/$pool.log.slow     ; The timeout for serving a single request after which a PHP backtrace will be  ; dumped to the 'slowlog' file. A value of '0s' means 'off'.  ; Available units: s(econds)(default), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)  ; Default Value: 0  ;request_slowlog_timeout = 0     ; The timeout for serving a single request after which the worker process will  ; be killed. This option should be used when the 'max_execution_time' ini option  ; does not stop script execution for some reason. A value of '0' means 'off'.  ; Available units: s(econds)(default), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)  ; Default Value: 0  ;request_terminate_timeout = 0     ; Set open file descriptor rlimit.  ; Default Value: system defined value  ;rlimit_files = 1024     ; Set max core size rlimit.  ; Possible Values: 'unlimited' or an integer greater or equal to 0  ; Default Value: system defined value  ;rlimit_core = 0     ; Chroot to this directory at the start. This value must be defined as an  ; absolute path. When this value is not set, chroot is not used.  ; Note: you can prefix with '$prefix' to chroot to the pool prefix or one  ; of its subdirectories. If the pool prefix is not set, the global prefix  ; will be used instead.  ; Note: chrooting is a great security feature and should be used whenever  ; possible. However, all PHP paths will be relative to the chroot  ; (error_log, sessions.save_path, ...).  ; Default Value: not set  ;chroot =     ; Chdir to this directory at the start.  ; Note: relative path can be used.  ; Default Value: current directory or / when chroot  ;chdir = /var/www     ; Redirect worker stdout and stderr into main error log. If not set, stdout and  ; stderr will be redirected to /dev/null according to FastCGI specs.  ; Note: on highloaded environement, this can cause some delay in the page  ; process time (several ms).  ; Default Value: no  ;catch_workers_output = yes     ; Limits the extensions of the main script FPM will allow to parse. This can  ; prevent configuration mistakes on the web server side. You should only limit  ; FPM to .php extensions to prevent malicious users to use other extensions to  ; exectute php code.  ; Note: set an empty value to allow all extensions.  ; Default Value: .php  ;security.limit_extensions = .php .php3 .php4 .php5     ; Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH. All $VARIABLEs are taken from  ; the current environment.  ; Default Value: clean env  ;env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME  ;env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin  ;env[TMP] = /tmp  ;env[TMPDIR] = /tmp  ;env[TEMP] = /tmp     ; Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers. These settings  ; overwrite the values previously defined in the php.ini. The directives are the  ; same as the PHP SAPI:  ; php_value/php_flag - you can set classic ini defines which can  ; be overwritten from PHP call 'ini_set'.  ; php_admin_value/php_admin_flag - these directives won't be overwritten by  ; PHP call 'ini_set'  ; For php_*flag, valid values are on, off, 1, 0, true, false, yes or no.     ; Defining 'extension' will load the corresponding shared extension from  ; extension_dir. Defining 'disable_functions' or 'disable_classes' will not  ; overwrite previously defined php.ini values, but will append the new value  ; instead.     ; Note: path INI options can be relative and will be expanded with the prefix  ; (pool, global or /usr/local/webserver/php)     ; Default Value: nothing is defined by default except the values in php.ini and  ; specified at startup with the -d argument  ;php_admin_value[sendmail_path] = /usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i -f www@my.domain.com  ;php_flag[display_errors] = off  ;php_admin_value[error_log] = /var/log/fpm-php.www.log  ;php_admin_flag[log_errors] = on  ;php_admin_value[memory_limit] = 32M  EOF

修改为:

3.13.启动php-cgi进程,监听127.0.0.1的9000端口,进程数为2,最大进程数为128(如果服务器内存小于3GB,可以只开启64个进程),用户为www

extension_dir = "/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"
# ulimit -SHn 65535  # /etc/init.d/php-fpm start

并在此行后增加以下几行,然后保存:

本文由美洲杯赌球发布于计算机教程,转载请注明出处:LNMP搭建(CentOS 6.3 Nginx 1.2.0 PHP 5.3.15(fpm) MySQL 5.

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